Organ Donation: An Unselfish Act

Editor’s note: April is Donate Life Month. The BOC is privileged and extremely grateful to have NATA President Jim Thornton, MS, ATC, PES, share his personal story about being diagnosed with polycystic kidney disease (PKD) and receiving an organ donation in this two part blog.

Part 1: The Diagnosis and Finding Hope

The story I am about to tell is very personal. I have shared it with very few groups of people; however, my decision to share it in this medium is the hope that someone out there who is trying to make up their mind about organ donation will decide to give the gift of life to someone if they can.  It is a personal decision but one that can change another’s life beyond any other gift available to us as individuals.

I was diagnosed with PKD in 2000.  I thought at the time of my diagnosis, that it was the darkest day of my life with very little hope.  I had seen what the same kidney disease had done to my mother for roughly five years previous.  Her outlook was always bright and was difficult for me to understand.  All I could see was a woman who was involved in peritoneal dialysis that seemed to control every aspect of her life.  My father appeared to be stricken with the responsibility of caring for my mother that I thought burdensome. As I look back now, I realize that not only did my father care for my mother’s physical needs, his kind, loving and spiritual nature cared for her in other ways that I never realized until many years later.

It was difficult for my parents to travel because they had to ship all of her bags of fluid, the machine and connector hoses. This was always a bitter pill for me.  My wife and I along with our three children live in Pennsylvania, and my mother and father lived in a little town in central Utah.  In case you are wondering, yes, we are Mormons.  Although my upbringing and our faith was LDS, and the family was the center of the lifestyle we shared, I was somewhat bitter because her visits east became more and more infrequent.  I was angry with God!  I felt cheated and I also felt that my children were being cheated by not being able to spend time with the grandparents that they loved so much.  It is ironic that this very situation was a hidden challenge that would become very personal in just a few short years.

As you might be able to tell, I was thinking a lot about “me” and not very much about the other people in my life.  Although my attitude was that my kids were being cheated, deep down I realize now that I was being selfish about a situation that could not be helped.

I only found out that I had PKD because my mother’s dialysis was no longer working and it became evident that she needed a transplant.  The potential for hemodialysis was something we wanted to avoid.  We are a very close family. In spite of my personal selfish shortcomings, I was (as were my three younger siblings) willing to give my mother a kidney.  The entire family underwent testing to determine whether any of us were a genetic match.  Unfortunately none of us were.  I am a Certified Athletic Trainer by profession and have witnessed tons of diagnostic testing with my own athletes and patients.  I have been around the medical aspect of taking care of athletes for almost 30 years.  When the technician doing my ultra-sound said, “I will be right back, I just need to check on something,” I knew that something was wrong . . . and I was sure I knew what it was.

Later that day I got a call from a physician.  He said, “Jim, you have polycystic kidney disease.”  I thought I was prepared for the call.  I knew it in my heart but had not yet given it a place in my head.  I was devastated.  All I could think about was how this was going to affect me.  I remember not even thinking about how it might affect my wife and children.  It is difficult to remember how long it took me, but it was a short while after that I realized that although I had been diagnosed, “I” was still okay and my mother was not.  It’s funny how selfishness blinds us.  The disease of “me” was evident in my life at that time.

I was humbled . . . brought to my knees. It forced me to think of my youth.  I had a wise man once tell me that the opposite of love is not hate, for they are too closely connected to be opposites.  You may hate someone because you loved him or her and they don’t love you anymore, or you may hate someone you loved who never loved you back.  You may hate someone because they don’t believe like you do and so you can’t love them.  We see it everywhere in our world.  I learned that love is often replaced by selfishness and is its mirror opposite; for if you only think of yourself, how can you truly love others?  It took me years to realize that what my friend had told me was true.  I believe it to be a deciding factor in virtually all of our relationships with others that we meet, spend time with or call our fellow man.

Seven short years later, I found myself on the verge of kidney failure.  My labs were not good and we were looking at dialysis as the next option.  I had been on the transplant list at that time for about three years.  My nephrologist and I discussed the potential of a preemptive transplant by one of my siblings. Once again we went through the matching process and found out that my sister, just four years my younger as well as my brother who was eight years my younger, were perfect matches. Remember that seven years previous to this time, none of us were a match to my mother, but surprisingly two of my three siblings were a match to me.

My youngest sister had also been diagnosed with the same disease when we were all tested for my mother.  It was a difficult time, but a time that I believe made me a better man. I still have my faults, as we all do, but I hope the lesson I learned helped me to stand a little taller and be a little better in the “selfish” category.  After a time of discussion and weighing the possible needs of our youngest sister, it was time to formally ask my sister Kristine for the gift of one of her kidneys.  It was a humbling experience to ask for a sacrifice like that of someone else.  I mean, she was my sister, of course she would say yes, but unfortunately this is not always the case.  I know of stories of people who decide against donating an organ even to a family member for fear of what could go wrong.  I get it.  I would never fault someone who is not able to make that decision – but what a gift donating an organ is for someone whose outlook on life is dim at best, even with the best technology available.

Stay tuned for the second blog: Preparing for Surgery and Giving the Gift of Life.

Written By:
Jim Thornton, MA, ATC, CES


Hip Impingement at a Young Age

April is National Youth Sports Safety Month. New research has surfaced showing that youth soccer players are at increased risk of developing hip impingement. The study looked at plain radiographs taken at baseline and at a two-year follow up to determine what structural changes occurred.

The article was based on the abstract, so not all the research information was available. Methodology questions include the following:

  • Were they all single sport athletes?
  • What was the frequency, duration and intensity of the practice?
  • What did a typical practice look like?

Without that additional information it is hard to truly evaluate the research and draw meaningful conclusions. But, nevertheless, it is a concern that our younger athletes are developing these changes at a young age. If these athletes are all single sport athletes, then it would improve our ability to talk with parents and coaches about the risks of playing one sport on their maturing body and the benefits of participating in other activities.

It is also important to learn more about what would decrease the chances of developing impingement. Would there be fewer changes if they were playing multiple sports throughout the year that focused on different motions? Would a training program that emphasized deceleration, pivoting and lateral strength decrease these changes? If they are playing competitively year round, would there be fewer changes if the season was shorter and more emphasis was placed on skill development?

Have you noticed an increase in hip pain in youth soccer players? Have you successfully implemented programs that have reduced that incidence?

Written By:
Tim Koba, ATC, CSCS, PES, CES, CMT
tkoba@CAYUGAMED.org


Re-programming Our Hardware: Autism and the Athletic Trainer

One day while working at a summer basketball camp, a coach brings you a young middle school boy who is crying.  As the Athletic Trainer (AT) for that camp, you begin to ask some general questions to find out what happened to this young boy.  Some of these questions would include: what happened to you?  How did it happen? Have you ever been hurt before?  This young camper becomes very emotional, crying, aggravated, and ends up running outside.  As a healthcare provider, what would you do?

  • Tell the coach/counselor to bring him back inside?
  • Call the parents?
  • Find the young boy and talk to him?

After asking the counselor about the mechanism of injury, you find out that the young boy reached to intercept a cross-court pass and the ball hit his hand at a high rate of speed.  The counselor also tells you that this young boy is autistic, which may have been the cause for his reactions to the injury examination.

The CDC recently released new data stating that 1 in 68 children have been identified as having some kind of autism spectrum disorder¹ (ASD).  Many of these children are high functioning and can be an active participant in the classroom as well as on the field.  The presentation, behaviors and mannerisms of autism are also becoming better well-known as more famous and successful citizens are announcing that they, too, have autism or another ASD.  From Clay Marzo and Jim Eisenreich, to Dan Aykroyd and Mozart, we are finding that autism is not a disorder that disables, but rather can empower a person to become the next big movie, music, literary or sports star.  So what does this mean for ATs?

Just like a smart phone, computer or new tech gadget, we as healthcare providers need to update our software to adapt to the changes and discoveries that are happening in our profession on a daily and yearly basis.  Autistic and ASD patients (ADD/ADHD/Asperger’s, etc.) are highly intelligent and functioning individuals who have the same processing organs of all human beings; their internal hardware is just wired differently.  As ATs, we need to be aware that our approach to treating, evaluating and communicating injury information or rehabilitation will need to be slightly altered in order for these patients to comprehend and process what is being conveyed to them.

For patients with ADD/ADHD, it may be best to place them in a quiet, private space away from high patient traffic to eliminate distractions.  Some patients on the autism spectrum may get anxious or cannot focus when in loud environments, around large groups of people or being asked questions with complicated medical terms that they might not be able to understand.  We must adapt, use a different application or switch modes to be able to communicate and meet the needs of these patients.

Going back to the story at the beginning of this blog, now knowing this young camper has some kind of autistic history, how would you address or change your interactions with him moving forward?  How would you adapt to make the patient comfortable, less anxious and provide an environment outside of the basketball court where he can thrive and be a successful individual?  Check your internal athletic training software, and see if it could use some updating or refreshing.

April is National Autism Awareness Month. There is hope through research and in increasing awareness.

References

Written by:

Elizabeth Wolfe
EWolfe@tuftsmedicalcenter.org


Remembering the 2013 Boston Marathon

April 21, 2014, will hold a lot of meaning to a lot of people. It is the 118th running of the Boston Marathon and the one year anniversary of the tragic events of April 15th at last year’s marathon.  The course is expected to have over 36,000 runners with an estimated 5,000 to 10,000 unregistered runners. This would make it the second largest field ever (1996 had over 38,000 runners for the 100th running of the marathon). A lot of work and many volunteers are needed to take care of an event this large and to make it run smoothly.

According to Chris Troyanos, ATC, Medical Director of the Boston Marathon for the past 20 years, the Boston Marathon is a “Medical Flash Mob” where volunteers from different fields and different backgrounds, who do not know each other, get together on one day and provide amazing care for all of the runners. This year there were about 2,500 medical professionals who applied to volunteer. Only 1,900 were accepted, 500 more than last year.  Mr. Troyanos is in charge of all of the volunteers, who range from physicians, nurses, Athletic Trainers (ATs), athletic training students, physical therapists, physical therapy students, paramedics, EMTs and podiatrists. ATs and the rest of the volunteers come from all across the country to be a part of the marathon.

There are many reasons why ATs and athletic training students volunteer at the Boston Marathon. Larry Venis, MEd, ATC, Head AT at Boston University, works the marathon because it is an exciting challenge with the weather, amount of runners and opportunity to work with a wide range of medical professionals – and he gets to reconnect with old friends. This is going to be his 27th year volunteering. It is going to be one of the most emotional years for him but one he is looking forward to. Larry was at the finish line last year and sprang into action without a second thought.

Ami Matsumoto, MS, ATC, LAT, CES, with Onsite Innovations and Head AT at Frito Lay, volunteers because she loves the atmosphere and being part of a team that will help anyone with any problem they have. Ami and her fiancé, William Adams, MS, ATC, LAT, who met while volunteering at the Boston Marathon, have volunteered at two previous marathons; like many others, the moment they heard the news about last year’s events, they knew they were going to volunteer this year.

Other than preparing for more patients with an increased field, Chris Troyanos said that the biggest obstacle with the increased security is making sure that all volunteers allow enough time to get through security for a meeting regarding policies and procedures. There will be no major changes in terms of medical care. Chris said that “even though it was a tragic event, the best possible outcome occurred.” The bombs went off close to the finish line where over 1,000 medical personnel were located.

Larry Venis used this event as a tool to reassess mass causality events (track meets and wrestling matches with multiple mats) and other potential situations in cooperation with Student Health Services, the Dean of Students Office and the campus police department.

Other ATs used this to reassess their Emergency Action Plans and some of the NATA’s Position Statements on various topics related to marathons (Exertional Heat Illnesses, Emergency Planning In Athletics and Fluid Replacements For Athletes).

For many people, including ATs and students, this marathon is part of the healing process from last year. While some spectators and runners had physical injuries, many others suffered emotional wounds that heal differently. The race this year will help heal some of those wounds and provide closure for many of the volunteers who were evacuated after they cared for the injured. They left without breaking down the medical tents, saying goodbye to friends or knowing what exactly was going on. The start of this race will help put an end to last year’s turmoil and help heal emotional wounds.

The 118th Boston Marathon will be a very special one. It will be a day of remembrance, reconnection with old friends and celebration. If you have the chance, I would recommend going to watch the race. Marathons also are a great way to volunteer, network and learn about new topics.

A big thank you should go out to all of the medical volunteers, including ATs at last year’s and this upcoming marathon.

Written By:
Brian Bradley, MS, ATC, LAT, CSCS
brian@orlandosportsmedicine.com

 


ETHICS IN ACTION: USING PARADIGMS TO HELP SORT OUT THE KEY ISSUES

World-renowned author Rushworth Kidder published a book called Moral Courage (2003), in which he defines the paradigms as a practical sense approach to consider and resolve ethical dilemmas.  These paradigms are helpful to Athletic Trainers (ATs) as they help us define which “direction” to head when values conflict with each other.  Kidder defines the paradigms as: Truth versus Loyalty; Individual versus Community; Short Term versus Long Term; and Justice versus Mercy.  It is common to encounter dilemmas where as we consider the consequences or impact of our actions, we are torn between the extremes of these paradigms.  Our role is to find a comfort level in resolving the dilemmas, so that we can be comfortable with our decision.

Using Kidder’s Paradigms, consider the following case.

1.  Which of these paradigms are most prevalent in the analysis of this dilemma?

2.  What are the potential issues associated with this situation?   Issues related to the stepfather? Student-athlete? You as a healthcare provider?

3.  What additional information do you need to completely resolve this dilemma?  What are the risks associated with seeking additional information?

4.  Would it matter to you if the student-athlete is a “good kid” in your mind or a kid who has been in trouble at school and has been caught lying about other issues?

Written By:
Kimberly S. Peer, EdD, ATC, FNATA
kpeer@kent.edu

Dr. Peer is an Associate Professor at Kent State University. She holds a Doctorate in Higher Education Administration with a Cognate in Health Care Management. Kimberly was recently appointed as the editor-in-chief for the Athletic Training Education Journal and serves on the Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education Ethics Committee as well as the NATA Committee on Professional Ethics. Her national contributions include service to the BOC, NATA, JAT and REF in multiple capacities. Her statewide service includes the Governor’s appointment to the Ohio licensure board and over 12 years of service to the OATA.

Peer received the NATA Fellow Award and OATA Hall of Fame Award in 2012 and has been lauded with other national, regional and state level awards for her contributions to the profession and athletic training education. Dr. Peer has published and presented extensively on the international and national levels about ethics education and pedagogy and has co-authored with Dr. Gretchen Schlabach the first textbook on ethics in athletic training.


Highlights from the 5th Annual Youth Sports Safety Alliance Summit

The Youth Sport Safety Alliance (YSSA) is a growing group of healthcare, sports organizations and parent activists who have one goal: make America’s sports programs safer for young athletes.1Organized by the National Athletic Trainers’ Association (NATA) in 2010, the Alliance has grown to over 140 members. I had the opportunity to attend the YSSA’s 5th Annual Summit, and I’d like to share some highlights.

First was the presentation by former student-athletes Lauren Long and Samantha Sanderson. These two young women suffered career-ending and life-changing brain injuries as the result of their competitive soccer careers. They shared their injury history and their recovery and rehabilitation journeys with the audience. It’s so powerful to hear from someone who has walked the walk, and these two ladies were great. What was more powerful was how they are creating a place for injured athletes to share their stories – so athletes, parents and others supporting brain injured athletic patients can see they’re not alone. Their organization Concussion Connection is just getting off the ground. I urge you to browse the page and read the stories. Besides the one-on-one interviews with World Champion goalie Briana Scurry and former NFL offensive lineman Kyle Turley, the site allows injured athletes to share their personal stories.

Dr. Brian Hainline, MD, the first Chief Medical Officer of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), shared his thoughts on the current initiatives of the NCAA in the areas of student-athlete safety. He reminded the audience that the NCAA was formed as the result of President Theodore Roosevelt’s push for rule changes in football – to protect the student-athletes, due to the increasing number of injuries in college football. In “1906 the Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States aka IAAUS was formed. In 1910 the IAAUS became the NCAA”.2 Look for proposed legislation this summer from the NCAA regarding the accountability and reporting structure of the healthcare team at NCAA member institutions.

Riana Pryor, MS, ATC, Director of Research for the Korey Stringer Institute (KSI), shared the current status of KSI’s project CATCH ON – Collaboration for Athletic Training Coverage at High schools: an Ongoing National survey – Public Schools. This is a huge project providing a much needed update to the previous estimate that 42% of high schools had access to an AT. They are moving on to their second phase – surveying private schools.

Groups such as SafeKids, Simon’s Fund, the Nick of Time Foundation and the Kendrick Fincher Hydration Foundation shared their organizations’ work in promoting awareness of safety, sudden cardiac arrest and hydration risks in concurrent sessions. The work by these foundations and smaller groups are no less important than those of the NCAA, NATA and NFL in raising awareness. Their stories are often more powerful because of the unfortunate loss that served as their motivation for creating these groups, which is to carry the message that this does not have to happen again!

Written By:
Denise Fandel, MBA, CAE
DeniseF@bocatc.org

1 www.youthsportssafetyalliance.org National Action Plan for Sports Safety
2 Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/4042873- accessed 4-3-2014   

 


Wrapping Up National Athletic Training Month 2014

Pennsylvania Athletic Trainers’ Society at NBC Today Show Rockefeller Center NYC.

March was an amazing month for National Athletic Training Month (NATM), and it was great to see what everyone did to promote “We’ve got your back” and the profession.

Al Roker and Scott Dietrich.

Scott Dietrich, an athletic training professor at East Stroudsburg University (ESU) in Pennsylvania, was one of the organizers of an NATM Today Show trip to New York City. Students and faculty from ESU attended the Today Show for the first time on February 28th, thanks to a Pennsylvania Athletic Trainers’ Society (PATS) Fundly online campaign to get sponsorships and donations to finance the trip. Students had the opportunity to attend with just an expense of $10. PATS members and students were grateful for the contributions that helped spread the word about the profession.

Lauren Stephenson, an athletic training faculty member at Stony Brook University located in New York, coordinated the agenda for the NYC-NATM day, while Scott coordinated the poster party at ESU and charter bus. A group of about 60 people, which included students and faculty from ESU, Lock Haven University and California University of Pennsylvania, gathered at ESU the night before and ate pizza while making posters for display on camera. The bus left at 4:30am for the 70-mile drive and arrived at the Today Show at 5:45am just in time to fill out waivers and get through the gates. It was 7 degrees out, but everyone was thrilled to join close to 150 others people from District 2, all waving signs and proclaiming National Athletic Training Month! Athletic Trainers (ATs) were even appropriately mentioned by Al Roker in this TV clip.

Pennsylvania Athletic Trainers’ Society at NBC Today Show Rockefeller Center NYC.

PATS does not limit promoting the profession to just the month of March. On April 1st, they took to the state capitol in Harrisburg, PA, to speak with more than 16 legislators to encourage hiring ATs in the approximately 150 schools that currently do not have access to AT services. On April 27th, the athletic training programs in Northeastern PA will host the 12th annual NEPA Athletic Training Scholarship 5K race to raise money for a student scholarship. This event has been going on for the past 12 years, and the combined effort with King’s College, Marywood, Alvernia and East Stroudsburg Universities has earned over $22,000 in scholarship funds.

What was your favorite part about NATM? Share your moments in the comments.

Written By:
Brittney Ryba
BrittneyR@bocatc.org


BOC Volunteers Critical for Achieving Mission

National Volunteer Week, April 6-12, 2014, is about inspiring, recognizing and encouraging people to seek out imaginative ways to engage in their communities. This year marks the 40th anniversary of National Volunteer Week, a program of Points of Light demonstrating the enduring importance of recognizing our country’s volunteers for their vital contributions.

We thank the hundreds of volunteers who serve in various capacities. The contribution of volunteers such as BOC item writers, committee members and Board of Directors is critical in developing the high professional standards expected of today’s Athletic Trainers (ATs).We are proud to have a board of nine directors, five committees, over 180 home study reviewers, over 100 exam item writers and 10 bloggers who provide their valuable service.

2013 BOC volunteer accomplishments:

• Administered 4,862 certification exams

• Continually developed more than 400 new exam items for experimental testing

• Approved 328 home study courses

When you multiply the 344 volunteers by what they should be paid ($22.14/hour), at two hours a month, you get an annual total of $182,788 worth of in-kind service.

“Volunteers are critical to the BOC achieving our mission to provide exceptional credentialing programs for healthcare professionals to assure protection of the public,” says Denise Fandel, BOC Executive Director. “We are grateful to this group of professionals who help us serve the profession and their patients.”

National Volunteer Week was established in 1974 and has grown exponentially each year, with thousands of volunteer projects and special events scheduled throughout the week.

Written By:

Brittney Ryba
BrittneyR@bocatc.org


Putting the BOC Facility Principles Document to Use

The BOC Facility Principles document has become quite useful to the Athletic Training Program at Catawba College.  It is being integrated into our Athletic Training Policies and Procedures document.  The document contains many of the “checklist items” we have been performing all along as an athletic training staff and with our athletic training students but have never really “written down” and documented on paper.  One area that we have been doing great all along is having our therapeutic modalities inspected on an annual basis and maintaining that documentation, along with having our campus maintenance department inspect our electrical outlets.  We have documented these inspections via a letter kept on file from the facilities director.  One area that never had formal documentation was in educating our staff and students per slips, trips and falls prevention. This is being addressed with a Power Point education component and a handout with educational tips for preventing falls.  Areas that we strengthened were our Exposure Control Plan and Adverse Medical Event Reporting.  I researched more thoroughly what should be included in both of these sections and made changes as needed.

My personal goal is: Should there ever be ‘formal accreditation’ of collegiate athletic training facilities per the BOC Facility Principles, Catawba College gets that “gold star” next to our name.  Should BOC Facility Principles become a required or a mandated standard for CAATE accredited institutions, Catawba College is ahead of the curve and has the “facilities accreditation status”!  In addition, should the BOC Facility Principles be included or required in the next go-around of CAATE accreditation documentation, again we are ahead of the curve with our document done and ready to go.  By using the BOC Facility Principles, we are finding some areas that may be weak or need further enhancement per our athletic training operations, policies and procedures. This document is helping us recognize those areas to be addressed.

Also, if there is an item that requires additional funding or resources, this document can serve as an ‘avenue of proof and justification’ to our administration showing a need for such financial assistance.  As I am putting the BOC Facility Principles document together, I am treating this similarly to the CAATE accreditation process.  I am collating materials into a three-ring binder and creating appendices with the supporting documentation items and forms for each section. My plan is for the athletic training staff every May and December to review this document per our “compliance” and to make any necessary changes or adjustments as needed.  Also, we can review our educational components for ourselves as a staff and what we need to review and teach the athletic training students and/or work-study students.  Some of the items have already been included as part of the clinical experiences for the athletic training students.

Written By:

Bob Casmus, MS, LAT, ATC
Head Athletic Trainer
Catawba College
bcasmus@catawba.edu


Improve Patient Outcomes with Evidence Based Practice

Providing the best possible patient care involves staying up-to-date on advances in the healthcare profession. That’s why the BOC added a new continuing education (CE) category beginning in 2014. The Evidence Based Practice (EBP) category helps Athletic Trainers (ATs) infuse the best new evidence into clinical decision-making, with the goal of improving patient outcomes.

By completing activities in the EBP category, ATs learn how to find and analyze the most current research evidence available. Then, with research in hand, ATs can use clinical expertise and their patients’ own values to make healthcare decisions.

To assure that ATs have the opportunity to learn about new healthcare research, the BOC now requires a certain number of EBP continuing education units (CEUs) to maintain certification.

Requirements for Certification Maintenance

ATs are required to complete a minimum number of EBP CEUs to maintain their BOC certification. All CEUs are due by December 31, 2015.

  • ATs certified before 2014 must complete 50 CEUs, including at least 10 EBP CEUs
  • ATs certified in 2014 must complete 25 CEUs, including at least five EBP CEUs

BOC Approved EBP programs are listed on the BOC website. Approved programs are updated monthly

Two types of EBP programs are available:

  • Foundations of EBP – programs help clinicians understand EBP methodology, find and evaluate evidence, and apply it to their clinical practice
  • Clinical EBP – programs are organized around a clinically appraised topic, such as evaluation, treatment and rehabilitation of injuries and illnesses. These programs follow a five-step EBP process

Only those programs listed on the BOC website are eligible for EBP Category CEUs, and programs are only eligible for credit on or after their approval date.

EBP Course Approval

Some CE programs may appear to follow EBP principles. However, only programs that have been approved by the BOC for the EBP Category are eligible for credit in this category. Providers, not ATs, are responsible for getting BOC approval.

BOC Approved Providers who would like to offer EBP Category programs are invited to submit the activity for BOC approval. The application asks providers to follow a five-step EBP process during program development to ensure that basic EBP principles are followed.

Once a program is submitted, it will undergo peer review to ensure basic EBP principles are incorporated into the program. The BOC then lists approved programs on its website .

For complete information on the EBP category, check out the new 2014-2015 Certification Maintenance Requirements document.

Written By:
Melissa Breazile
MelissaB@bocatc.org